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Google celebrates 118th birthday of creative cinematographer James Wong Howe with a doodle
The internet search engine giant Google has marked the 118th birthday of noted cinematographer James Wong Howe of US with a doodle on its home page. The innovative Chinese-American, who contributed immensely to filming techniques, was born on 28th August, 1899 at Taishan in China.

Howe (1899-1976) worked as a dedicated cinematographer in over 130 films and is known for experimenting in use of shadows and deep-focus in cinematography for creating visual impacts. He for the first time used the technique which kept both foreground and distant planes in focus and equally clear.

It is said that Howe rose to fame for his out-of-box filming techniques and dedication to his profession despite rampant racism in the US in his times. He can be deemed as a good example of 'work is worship' maxim.

On its home page, Google has used an oil painting canvas to portray the use of frames and lighting effects to convey the innovative camera work of Wong in its doodle. The doodle rightly shows the ways in which Howe had used the camera movement to express emotions and the shades on black and white film to make the scene more dynamic.

Howe had also aptly used the wide-angle lenses and colour lighting in his filming as well as the low-key lighting. He invented and improved upon various accessories such as crab dolly, camera dolly with four wheels, movable arm for the camera, etc.

One of the best quotes of Howe goes as follows: "I believe that the best cameraman is one who recognises the source, the story, as the basis of his work." He had always advocated that 'Photography must be integrated with the story'.

His creativity and innovative nature in profession is indicated by one of his sayings: "Sometimes it's not how much light you use to get an effect, it's how little you use and still make it work. There are a lot of rules to be broken in photography, and you've got to have courage."

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